Elevated concentrations of fine particles in the air may transiently elevate the risk of Myocardial Infarction [heart attack] within a few hours and 1 day after exposure. —Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association
Studies have shown a 48% rise in heart attack risk in the two hours after exposure to high levels of air pollution. —Associated Press and Reuters News Service
It is time for organizations concerned with heart health to consider seriously the cardiovascular effects of air pollution when developing and implementing standards to clear the air and protect public health. —Journal of the American College of Cardiology
In a study done in Helsinki, Finland, heart patients were exposed to pollution coming from factory smokestacks and the tailpipes of some diesel-powered buses and trucks. These patients were about three times more likely to have ischemia decreased blood flow to the heart while exercising after being exposed to pollution. Two days after breathing in polluted air, the volunteers [continued to have] “significantly elevated” levels of ischemia. Heart rate also increased after exposure to pollution from an average of 61 to 90 beats per minute. —Dr. Juha Pekkanen of the National Public Health Institute quoted by Associated Press and Reuters News Service
Now we can say, ‘gee, there is a clear linkage between bad air and cardiopulmonary events…. Harmful pollution can [usually] not be seen or smelled. —Dr. Robert Brook, a specialist in the biology of blood vessels at the University of Michigan.
Air pollution increased the risk of heart attack by 8%. —Dr Brent Muhlestein – (Jan 24, 2013 press conference) (See the video here)